US-China Tech War
What Chinese Tech History Reveals About Future Tech Rivalry
By Nina Xiang
US-China Tech War: What Chinese Tech History Reveals About Future Tech Rivalry, a new book by Nina Xiang and published in 2021, reviews the history of China's technology development and attempts to understand how it could shape future tech rivalry between the United States and China.
This book can be purchased here on Amazon.
US-China Tech War focuses on China's semiconductor industry, the epicenter of the current US-China tech friction. Many people do not understand that despite decades of Chinese government-led effort to boost its chips industry, China has lagged far behind other countries, demonstrating that sometimes government incentives alone can't spur meaningful technological upgrade.
The book also dispels a number of myths about how China progressed technologically that is popular in the West. The whole-nation model and forced technology transfer shouldn't be counted as important reasons for how China progressed technologically. China's efforts to stimulate home-grown tech will also face challenges that Beijing has encountered in the past.
China's tech tradition and tech DNA have an important influence on China's technology development. The country's strength in tech applications has deep roots. This will also determine how U.S.-China tech rivalry will play out in the future.
Quotes from the book:
"It became clear to Moore that, no matter how much science went into conceiving of silicon wafers, there would always be an artlike skill associated with their production." - Robert Curley
"Let me tell you something: High-end semiconductor manufacturing is black magic. Both the processes and tools used for it are very complex. ASML’s EUV lithography machine is probably the most complex tool humankind ever developed since it stopped jumping between trees. It took billions of Euros and decades of experience to perfect it. Other experienced lithography machine suppliers failed at it. China has no experience in high-end semiconductor manufacturing tools with the exception of one-off/few-off prototypes." - Bora Taş on Quora
The belief in the value of scientific truth is not derived from nature but is a product of definite cultures. - Max Weber
One sentiment which is assimilated by the scientist from the very outset of his training pertains to the purity of science. Science must not suffer itself to become the handmaiden of theology or economy or state. The function of this sentiment is likewise to preserve the autonomy of science. For if such extra-scientific criteria of the value of science as presumable consonance with religious doctrines or economic utility or political appropriateness are adopted, science becomes acceptable only insofar as it meets these criteria. In other words, as the "pure science sentiment" is eliminated, science becomes subject to the direct control of other institutional agencies and its place in society becomes increasingly uncertain. - Robert K. Merton